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考情速遞:2014年8月30日大陸地區托福考情分析

2014-08-31 09:58

來源:新東方寧波學校

作者:

2014年8月30日大陸地區托福閱讀真題回顧
2014年8月30日大陸地區托福聽力真題回顧
2014年8月30日大陸地區托福口語真題回顧
2014年8月30日大陸地區托福寫作真題回



2014年8月30日托福考試閱讀解析
      By 新東方寧波學校托福項目閱讀王曉妍老師

 

    這次考試整體難度不大,三篇文章題材較常見,分別是考古發展史,植物類和動物類。TPO中也有相關相似練習篇章。相對來說,第一篇由于不了解相關背景,文章中又有較多學術名詞,學員有所困惑,因此產生緊張心理。因此,考試時,一定要排除緊張心情,沉著應對,輕松應考,這樣才能正常發揮,取得好成績。

 

第一篇
題材劃分:考古發展史
    主要內容:文章主要講了Scandinavian島的一些發展,分三個階段發生在三個不同的地方,按照時間順序講述第一個是Mesopotamia,第二個是F,第三個是E。然后Scandinavian島和歐洲其他的地方做了對比。尤其是Scandinavian島氣候適宜,不會extreme,人口(population)都聚集在一起;而別的地方只能依靠(rely on)一些可預測到的(predictable)食物供給。
    解析:該篇文章是典型的一個地方的發展史,學員要重點把握文章結構,理解發展的三個階段,以及該島與其它地方的對比。
    相似TPO練習推薦:
    TPO-26 Sumer and the First Cities of the Ancient Near East


    相關知識背景:
    The Scandinavian Peninsula is a peninsula in Northern Europe, which today covers Norway, Sweden, and most of northern Finland.
    The name of the peninsula is derived from the term Scandinavia, the cultural region of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. That cultural name is in turn derived from the name of Scania, the region at the southern extremity of the peninsula which has during periods been part of Denmark, which is the ancestral home of the Danes, and which is now part of Sweden. The derived term "Scandinavian" also refers to the Germanic peoples who speak North Germanic languages, considered to be a dialect continuum derived from Old Norse. These languages are Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Faroese, and Icelandic, with the latter two being closest to Old Norse.
    The Scandinavian Peninsula is the largest peninsula of Europe, larger than either of the Balkan, the Iberian and the Italian peninsulas. During the Ice Ages, the sea level of the Atlantic Ocean dropped so much that the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Bothnia, and the Gulf of Finland disappeared, and the countries now surrounding them, including Germany, Poland, the other Baltic countries and Scandinavia, were directly joined by land.
The climate across Scandinavia varies from tundra and subarctic in the north, with cool marine west coast climate in northwestern coastal areas reaching just north of Lofoten, to humid continental in the central portion, and marine west coast in the south and southwest. The region is rich in timber, iron and copper with the best farmland in southern Sweden. Large petroleum and natural-gas deposits have been found off Norway's coast in the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
    Much of the population of the Scandinavian Peninsula is naturally concentrated in its southern part, which is also its agricultural region. The largest cities of the peninsula are Stockholm, Sweden; Oslo, Norway; Gothenburg, Sweden; Malm?, Sweden and Bergen, Norway, in that order.

 

    第二篇:花的起源
    題材劃分:植物類
    主要內容:講了花的起源(origin),花是從一個物種或是說祖先繁衍而來的,還提及了中國古代的一種花。
    花的祖先到底是什么呢?科學家從一些化石記錄和現代存在的花進行了推斷。科學家們展開了激烈的討論(maintain,claim),大家沒有一個定論(consensus,agreement),但是能確定的是祖先(common ancestor)只有一個。
    第一個假說是:花的進化有兩個時期,early和last。在早期花少但是一定程度上也是繁多的(abundant);到了后期,花開始繁盛起來。
    第二個假說是:花是從早期開始從赤道熱帶向兩極生長,在后期后兩極花很繁茂。但是有一個南太平洋的島上的證據推翻了這個假說。
    在中國北京發現了很久前的site,花的時間又發生了變化,到目前為止科學家還是沒有搞清楚。
    解析:該篇文章是典型的植物類文章,結構清晰,學員需重點把握對應的細節內容。
    相似TPO練習推薦:
    TPO-22 Spartina ;Tpo25 The Evolutionary Origin of Plants 


    相關知識背景:
    The ancestors of flowering plants diverged from gymnosperms around 245–202 million years ago, and the first flowering plants known to exist are from 160 million years ago. They diversified enormously during the Lower Cretaceous and became widespread around 120 million years ago, but replaced conifers as the dominant trees only around 60–100 million years ago.
    Fossilized spores suggest that higher plants (embryophytes) have lived on land for at least 475 million years.Early land plants reproduced sexually with flagellated, swimming sperm, like the green algae from which they evolved. An adaptation to terrestrialization was the development of upright meiosporangia for dispersal by spores to new habitats. This feature is lacking in the descendants of their nearest algal relatives, the Charophycean green algae. A later terrestrial adaptation took place with retention of the delicate, avascular sexual stage, the gametophyte, within the tissues of the vascular sporophyte. This occurred by spore germination within sporangia rather than spore release, as in non-seed plants. A current example of how this might have happened can be seen in the precocious spore germination in Selaginella, the spike-moss. The result for the ancestors of angiosperms was enclosing them in a case, the seed. The first seed bearing plants, like the ginkgo, and conifers (such as pines and firs), did not produce flowers. The pollen grains (males) of Ginkgo and cycads produce a pair of flagellated, mobile sperm cells that "swim" down the developing pollen tube to the female and her eggs.
    The apparently sudden appearance of nearly modern flowers in the fossil record initially posed such a problem for the theory of evolution that it was called an "abominable mystery" by Charles Darwin.However, the fossil record has considerably grown since the time of Darwin, and recently discovered angiosperm fossils such as Archaefructus, along with further discoveries of fossil gymnosperms, suggest how angiosperm characteristics may have been acquired in a series of steps. Several groups of extinct gymnosperms, in particular seed ferns, have been proposed as the ancestors of flowering plants, but there is no continuous fossil evidence showing exactly how flowers evolved. Some older fossils, such as the upper Triassic Sanmiguelia, have been suggested. Based on current evidence, some propose that the ancestors of the angiosperms diverged from an unknown group of gymnosperms during the late Triassic (245–202 million years ago). Fossil angiosperm-like pollen from the Middle Triassic, (247.2–242.0 Ma) suggests an older date for their origin.A close relationship between angiosperms and gnetophytes, proposed on the basis of morphological evidence, has more recently been disputed on the basis of molecular evidence that suggest gnetophytes are instead more closely related to other gymnosperms.[citation needed]
The evolution of seed plants and later angiosperms appears to be the result of two distinct rounds of whole genome duplication events.These occurred at 319 million years ago and 192 million years ago. Another possible whole genome duplication event at 160 million years ago perhaps created the ancestral line that led to all modern flowering plants.That event was studied by sequencing the genome of an ancient flowering plant, Amborella trichopoda, and directly addresses Darwin's "abominable mystery."
The earliest known macrofossil confidently identified as an angiosperm, Archaefructus liaoningensis, is dated to about 125 million years BP (the Cretaceous period), whereas pollen considered to be of angiosperm origin takes the fossil record back to about 130 million years BP. However, one study has suggested that the early-middle Jurassic plant Schmeissneria, traditionally considered a type of ginkgo, may be the earliest known angiosperm, or at least a close relative. In addition, circumstantial chemical evidence has been found for the existence of angiosperms as early as 250 million years ago. Oleanane, a secondary metabolite produced by many flowering plants, has been found in Permian deposits of that age together with fossils of gigantopterids. Gigantopterids are a group of extinct seed plants that share many morphological traits with flowering plants, although they are not known to have been flowering plants themselves.
In 2013 flowers encased in amber were found and dated 100 million years before present. The amber had frozen the act of sexual reproduction in the process of taking place. Microscopic images showed tubes growing out of pollen and penetrating the flower's stigma. The pollen was sticky, suggesting it was carried by insects.

 

    第三篇:草原捕食者和被捕食者
    題材劃分:生物類
    主要內容:文章配有斑馬圖片。文章講了斑馬是食草動物herbivore,而草原樹木稀少,主要在討論了草原上的捕食者如何捕食獵物,而被捕食者也會以一起行動的方式躲避捕食者。
第一段:大草原上樹木荒蕪,因為沒有樹木的遮擋,捕食者難以靠近獵物,在捕食獵物時很容易被獵物發現。但是捕食動物會抓住獵物低頭吃草的短暫時間階級靠近,因為它們低頭吃草的時候看不到周圍的情況。
    第二段:捕食者一般是以群體的形式行動。這樣的捕食方式有若干個優點,但只能針對一個目標。
    第三段,第四段:被捕食者為了保證安全,也是群體行動。有些被捕食者低頭吃草的同時,會有其他同類在旁邊抬頭觀測,增加了觀察范圍。但是捕食者也有辦法突破。它們會等到有一個獵物脫群時,就跑到它和群體中間,不讓它再回去就抓住獵物了。捕食者抓住了一只獵物后就會停下來吃。這時,之前跑散了的被捕食者群體又聚集到一起了。
解析:該篇文章整體難度較低 ,話題較簡單。學員重點要去理解里面的細節內容即可。                             
    相似TPO練習推薦:
    TPO-27 Predator-Prey Cycles

    相關知識背景:
    While successful predation results in a gain of energy, hunting invariably involves energetic costs as well. When hunger is not an issue, in general most predators will not seek to attack prey since the costs outweigh the benefits. For instance, a large predatory fish like a shark that is well fed in an aquarium will typically ignore the smaller fish swimming around it (while the prey fish take advantage of the fact that the apex predator is apparently uninterested). Surplus killing represents a deviation from this type of behaviour. The treatment of consumption in terms of cost-benefit analysis is known as optimal foraging theory, and has been quite successful in the study of animal behavior. In general, costs and benefits are considered in energy gain per unit time, though other factors are also important, such as essential nutrients that have no caloric value but are necessary for survival and health.
    Social predation offers the possibility of predators to kill creatures larger than those that members of the species could overpower singly. Lions, hyenas, wolves, dholes, African wild dogs, and piranhas can kill large herbivores that single animals of the same species could never dispatch. Social predation allows some animals to organize hunts of creatures that would easily escape a single predator; thus chimpanzees can prey upon colobus monkeys, and Harris's Hawks can cut off all possible escapes for a doomed rabbit. Extreme specialization of roles is evident in some hunting that requires co-operation between predators of very different species: humans with the aid of falcons or dogs, or fishing with cormorants. Social predation is often very complex behavior, and not all social creatures (for example, domestic cats) perform it. Even without complex intelligence but instinct alone, some ant species can destroy much larger creatures.
Size-selective predation involves predators preferring prey of a certain size. Large prey may prove troublesome for a predator, while small prey might prove hard to find and in any case provide less of a reward. This has led to a correlation between the size of predators and their prey. Size may also act as a refuge for large prey, for example adult elephants are, in general, safe from predation by lions, but juveniles are vulnerable.
It has been observed that well-fed predator animals in a lax captivity (for instance, pet or farm animals) will usually differentiate between putative prey animals who are familiar co-inhabitants in the same human area from wild ones outside the area. This interaction can range from peaceful coexistence to close companionship; motivation to ignore the predatory instinct may result from mutual advantage or fear of reprisal from human masters who have made clear that harming co-inhabitants will not be tolerated. Pet cats and pet mice, for example, may live together in the same human residence without incident as companions. Pet cats and pet dogs under human mastership often depend on each other for warmth, companionship, and even protection, particularly in rural areas.

 


2014年08月30日托福考試聽力解析
By 新東方寧波學校托福項目聽力 李俊毅老師

 

Conversation 1
    學生想要和一個在Hotel做part time job的學生共同完成老師布置的項目,原則上是要個人完成,所以她來征求老師的同意。老師說這個項目很有意義,同意她們去做,但是可能Hotel不同意。學生說她們已經拿到了一個推薦信,還有一個Fund可以資助這個項目。
-TPO部分對應參考 (社團生活 TPO23-C1/TPO20-C2
-TPO對應詞匯


Lecture 1
    鍛煉和神經系統的發展。舊理論是神經細胞不會隨年齡增長而變多。例子1進行反駁。鳥成年后會場新的歌。二是給Rat注射一種物質后神經細胞變多。和運動后效果類似。學生提出看書也能刺激腦細胞發展,老師同意。最后是壓力水平和激素的關系。
-TPO部分對應參考 (生態學TPO13-L2/TPO3-L1)
-參考背景


    A typical neuron possesses a cell body (soma), dendrites, and an axon. The term neurite is used to describe either a dendrite or an axon, particularly in its undifferentiated stage. Dendrites are thin structures that arise from the cell body, often extending for hundreds of micrometres and branching multiple times, giving rise to a complex "dendritic tree". An axon is a special cellular extension that arises from the cell body at a site called the axon hillock and travels for a distance, as far as 1 meter in humans or even more in other species. The cell body of a neuron frequently gives rise to multiple dendrites, but never to more than one axon, although the axon may branch hundreds of times before it terminates. At the majority of synapses, signals are sent from the axon of one neuron to a dendrite of another. There are, however, many exceptions to these rules: neurons that lack dendrites, neurons that have no axon, synapses that connect an axon to another axon or a dendrite to another dendrite, etc.
All neurons are electrically excitable, maintaining voltage gradients across their membranes by means of metabolically driven ion pumps, which combine with ion channels embedded in the membrane to generate intracellular-versus-extracellular concentration differences of ions such as sodium, potassium, chloride, and calcium. Changes in the cross-membrane voltage can alter the function of voltage-dependent ion channels. If the voltage changes by a large enough amount, an all-or-none electrochemical pulse called an action potential is generated, which travels rapidly along the cell's axon, and activates synaptic connections with other cells when it arrives.

 

Lecture 2
    博物館發展史。一開始只給藝術家隨時開放。目的是教育。普通人只有特定時候能去。French Revolution后某人運用Storehouse存放一些文物并發展一種系統給文物分類:按年代分,這種系統后來通用,結尾提出質疑。

-TPO部分對應參考 (歷史學TPO18-L3/TPO17-L3/TPO10-L2)
-參考背景


    A museum is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of scientific, artistic, cultural, or historical importance and makes them available for public viewing through exhibits that may be permanent or temporary. Most large museums are located in major cities throughout the world and more local ones exist in smaller cities, towns and even the countryside. Museums have varying aims, ranging from serving researchers and specialists to serving the general public. The continuing acceleration in the digitization of information, combined with the increasing capacity of digital information storage, is causing the traditional model of museums (i.e. as static “collections of collections” of three-dimensional specimens and artifacts) to expand to include virtual exhibits and high-resolution images of their collections for perusal, study, and exploration from any place with Internet.[citation needed] The city with the largest number of museums is Mexico City with over 128 museums. According to The World Museum Community, there are more than 55,000 museums in 202 countries.

 

Conversation 2
    老師找學生想問問她為什么Art History這門課表現不好,但學生說是因為她退出了這門課。她得到了另一門課程教授的同意可以免修Art History。最后老師建議她推掉這門課,同時去向Art History教授道歉。
-TPO部分對應參考 (選課選專業 TPO21-C2/TPO23-C2)
-TPO對應詞匯


Lecture 3
    講極光研究的歷史。發現是受太陽黑子和Solar Wind運動的影響,因為兩者會emit chargeable particles, 與地球大氣層的氧原子和氮原子作用。最后還提到人類通過電子設備來發現極光的intensity與其的關系。

-TPO部分對應參考 (天文學類 TPO14-L3/TPO19-L2/TPO24-L4)
-TPO對應詞匯


-參考背景

    An aurora is a natural light display in the sky (from the Latin word aurora, "sunrise" or the Roman goddess of dawn), especially in the high latitude (Arctic and Antarctic) regions, caused by the collision of solar wind and magnetospheric charged particles with the high altitude atmosphere (thermosphere). Most auroras occur in a band known as the auroral zone, which is typically 3° to 6° wide in latitude and observed at 10° to 20° from the geomagnetic poles at all local times (or longitudes), but often most vividly around the spring and autumn equinoxes. The charged particles and solar wind are directed into the atmosphere by the Earth's magnetosphere. A geomagnetic storm expands the auroral zone to lower latitudes.

Lecture 4
    講英國巨石陣的石頭來源。其中有兩種假說,一是人搬運的,另一個是冰川運動把石頭帶下來的。最新的研究可以定位石頭是同一個Spot。盡管不確定是怎么搬運,但是大多數人相信是人力,還說這種石頭有療傷的功能。結尾是因為一堆人總重復第一個理論所以才被接受,但是實際是有問題的。

-TPO部分對應參考 (地理地質類 TPO15-L2/TPO16-L1/TPO7-L4)
-參考背景

    Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument located in Wiltshire, England, about 2 miles (3 km) west of Amesbury and 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury. One of the most famous sites in the world, Stonehenge is the remains of a ring of standing stones set within earthworks. It is in the middle of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds.
Archaeologists believe it was built anywhere from 3000 BC to 2000 BC. Radiocarbon dating in 2008 suggested that the first stones were raised between 2400 and 2200 BC, whilst another theory suggests that bluestones may have been raised at the site as early as 3000 BC.
    The surrounding circular earth bank and ditch, which constitute the earliest phase of the monument, have been dated to about 3100 BC. The site and its surroundings were added to the UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites in 1986 in a co-listing with Avebury Henge. It is a national legally protected Scheduled Ancient Monument. Stonehenge is owned by the Crown and managed by English Heritage, while the surrounding land is owned by the National Trust.
    Archaeological evidence found by the Stonehenge Riverside Project in 2008 indicates that Stonehenge could have been a burial ground from its earliest beginnings. The dating of cremated remains found on the site indicate that deposits contain human bone from as early as 3000 BC, when the ditch and bank were first dug. Such deposits continued at Stonehenge for at least another 500 years. The site is a place of religious significance and pilgrimage in Neo-Druidry.
    加試部分還是經典加試,2個Section都有出現

 

2014年8月30日托福考試口語解析
By 新東方寧波學校托福項目口語胡琴清老師

 

    這次托福考試的口語是新題,不像上周23號ETS出了兩套題目但是都全中機經。這周口語沒中機經,因此很多考生在做完Task 1之后就開始慌,其實只要平時扎扎實實打基礎,不管有沒有中機經口語分數出入都不會很大,關鍵是備考時要調整好心態,不要因為太依賴機經而疏于練習。下面我們來具體分析下這次的托福口語題。

    Task1.
    Your friend is always late for appointment. To help him deal with this bad habit, what would you suggest him to do?

    Some suggestions:
    a. write a reminder and put it in some obvious position to remind himself
    b. set more than one alarms on that day
    c. make a schedule and try to settle things down before the appointment
    d. ask somebody to remind him on that day such as parents or friends


    Task 2.
    Which one do you prefer?
    A: ask student to sit in fixed seats everyday 
    B: allow students to sit in different seats where they want.

    Reasons for A:
    1) students may have a better performance in pair work or group work as they are familiar with their surroundings
    2) it is also much easier for teacher to remember student’s names if students sit in fixed seats
   Reasons for B:
    1) students may have more opportunities to communicate with different classmates
    2) students who sitting far from blackboard or in corners may cause eyesight problems, which is unfair 


    Task 3.
    有人寫信建議讓學生提前知道textbook list,原因一:留出時間讓同學們去買便宜的書 原因二:可以提前做reading assignment
    對話中男生同意這個觀點 第一 學校書店很貴,有便宜的書也很快賣完了。所以這個proposal可以給學生省錢,讓他們去網上買到便宜的書 第二 每個學期一開始總是很忙啊,所以學生可以提前做準備,讀一些書

    The author of the letter proposes that the textbook list should be announced earlier because it enables students to purchase less expense books and it gives students enough time to read the books and prepare for the course before the beginning of each course. In the conversation, the man agrees with the proposal because it will save students a lot of money by purchasing books online instead of bookstores. Also,  students can start to conduct the reading assignment before each semester.

  
    Task 4.
    Term 是procedural memories, 例子是教授自己的經歷。他小時候學吉他,學了好多年,練得特別棒。但是上了大學之后就好幾年沒有練習了。有一天他突然找到吉他,發現他盡管好幾年沒碰吉他了,竟然還會彈他最喜歡的曲子。

    Procedural memories refer to the memories of promoting people to do a task automatically if the task has been frequently practiced before. The professor uses his own experience to explain the term. He had a guitar course before and his teacher taught him how to put his fingers on the strings and he played many hours per day and he had practiced playing guitar for a few years before he stopped. Many years later when he found his old guitar, he could still play it without thinking how to play.


    Task 5.
    一個女的在暑假選了一個網上課程學習一門Russian語言,但是因為選的人太少了,結果被取消了。 男的建議她 一、還選擇這一門課,但是在學校教室上課。女的說,她暑假不想呆在學校,而且她一直在中國工作的姐姐回來了,想回家和家里人團聚。 第二個建議是在網上上課,但是選擇學習西班牙語。女的說對西班牙語不感興趣。
    The woman is planning to take a foreign language course during summer break and she wanted to take the Russian language online at home because she want to take a trip to Russia. However, the course was cancelled since few students signed up the course. The first solution is to take a Russian course at school during the summer break but she wants to stay at home to have fun with her sister and her family. The second solution is to take a Spanish online course as an alternative and does not need to go to campus. But she is not interested in Spanish.

 

    Task 6.
    教授講了動物群居的兩個缺點
    第一個是 很容易暴露在捕食者眼中,一個個體不容易被發現,但是一群就很容易被發現。例子是一種魚總是群居,然后鯨魚是他們的捕食者,因此很容易抓到他們。
    第二個是母親很容易認錯孩子。例子 一個cave里面有上千個幼年個體,然后孩子他媽捕食回來認不出來哪個是她們孩子。

    The lecture discusses two disadvantages of living in groups. One is visible and exposure to predator: a group of small fish is easier to be noticed by whales. Another is less care from the mother animals. For instance, bats living in the same cave and the baby bats sometimes can’t get care from their mothers who may take care of other babies by mistake.

 

 
2014年8月30 日托福考試寫作解析
By 新東方寧波學校托福項目寫作余丹陽&張希爾老師 

 

綜合寫作= 121207NA 討論humpback whales 通過星星來navigate

獨立寫作
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
The ability to maintain friendship with a small number of friends for a long period of time is more important for happiness than to make many new friends easily.

題目分析
同學們, 今天的考題屬于我們之前講的利弊類的題目。從背景來分屬于朋友類話題,也是我們托福考試中常見的一種類別。以下是題目的思路。

 

方法一
agree
讓步
1. 老朋友更加了解你。遇到了困難可以和老朋友無所顧忌的發泄自己內心的情緒,絲毫不需要有任何顧忌, 可以使在底谷的心情迅速復原,很快有一個好的心情。
2. 老朋友更加愿意在困難的時候提供幫助。 新的朋友可能適合玩樂,但是一旦遇到困難,就會很猶豫,不愿意伸出幫助之手。但是老朋友會不遺余力的提供幫助,把你的事情看作是她自己的一樣。
3. 讓步。 誠然新的朋友可以給你帶來新鮮感,并且讓你感受到短暫的快樂。但是這樣的友誼在困難面前就變得無比脆弱。相反老朋友即使有摩擦,但是還是馬上能夠得到解決,友情會變的更加堅固。

 

方法二
disagree
讓步
1. 新朋友可以給你帶來新鮮感。很多時候老朋友接觸多了,生活變得很單一。相反新朋友能夠給你的生活帶來新的活力。讓你的學生生活不再是一塵不變。
2. 新的朋友能讓有更多的經驗。 老朋友很多都是一個圈子的人,時間久了,自己很難得到提升。快速的結交新朋友,可以讓你接觸不同的圈子,將來更容易成功。
3. 讓步。誠然維持老朋友的關系很重要,因為老朋友很了解你,但是社會不斷在更新,很多時候我們需要換工作環境以及居住環境。結交新朋友的能力再現在這個社會更加重要。

Sample answer
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
The ability to maintain friendship with a small number of friends for a long period of time is more important for happiness than to make many new friends easily.

True friends provide us with the sense of belonging and always stand firmly behind us. Though time is not the only proof to justify friendship, people scarcely deny that friends are like wines—the older, the better. One can face countless passers-by in a life, and finally seize the happiness shared with those who always keep company. For me, I am of no exception.

Firstly, old friends usually have the magic power to read a person’s mind due to thorough understanding. Consideration and understanding of each other are characters gained only through long time cultivation. However, it may be too demanding to expect someone you have just got acquaintance with to back you up in an embarrassing situation. Let’s assume the following hypothetical situation. A girl, who has just broken up with her boy friend, fells extremely upset. Free of any worries about appearance or awkwardness, she can call her old friends to hang out and simply pour out her thoughts. And later, she may get quick recovery with warm comfort and company given by those bosom friends. By contrast, she may not breathe a word to her newly made friends,for the girl wants to maintain her elegant manners before those of less intimacy. Old friends, in that situation, are like saviors to pull people out of sad emotions.

Second, old friends are more willing to help you when you are mired into troubles. Just as an old saying goes, a friend in need is a friend indeed. Newly made friends are, more often than not, hesitate to give their hands, and what you will receive is just a blank check. My experience has proven to me the chilling end. Unfamiliar with financial terminology, once when I was handling a financial report, I resorted to a new acquaintance for help. What disappointed me is his disregarding to my situation. I had no choice but to contact one of my old friends. Surprisingly, she set aside her own work and spared no efforts to assist my report. The precise data and professional expression in the report then won me the praise from my boss. Had I not had such warm-heated old friends, I would have never settled the tough problem so efficiently.

Admittedly, some may argue the importance of newly made friend for the new blood instilled in people’s life as a result. They possibly bring a lot of short-period fun to lighten the monotonous life. However, such friendship is fragile, thus cannot endure. It is not hard to see those easy-come-easy-go friendships surrounding each person. By contrast, solid friendship, though conflicts may sometimes emerge, will never be corrupted.

Obviously, while new acquaintances do act as catalyst in the way to happiness, the old ones are the preservatives to prevent happiness from being perished.

 

字詞解析
1. easy-come-easy-go friendship 來的快去的快的友誼
2. embarrassing 尷尬的
3. new acquaintance 新朋友
4. fade away消失
5. let out 發泄
6. comfort and company 慰藉和陪伴
7. be conducive to 有助

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