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字典里出現的New words:刷劇、捂臉英文怎么說?

2018-04-03 09:29

來源:新東方網

作者:朱博

As the English language evolves, so does the dictionary. Every year new words appear as people find creative ways to describe the changing world around us. Some of them fade away rapidly, and others cement their place in the English language. In 2017 alone, there were over 1,000 words added to the dictionary.

  英語在不斷發展,字典也在隨之變化。當人們用富有創意的方式來描述這個變化的世界的時候,新的詞匯就會出現。有一些僅僅曇花一現,另外一些則牢牢地成為了英語語言的一部分。光是在2017年一年里,就有超過1000個新單詞被收錄到字典。

  If you’re learning English, it helps to have a good grasp of the topical new words that have nudged their way into the language and look like they may be sticking around for the foreseeable future. Take a look at a few of our favorites below.

  如果你在學英語,掌握這些新單詞是很有幫助的。它們可能在可預見的未來里都會被頻繁使用。大家一起來看看我們最喜歡的幾個新詞:

  Binge-watch 刷劇

  Thanks to the age of Netflix, binge-watching has become a common practice: watching multiple episodes of a television program (or movies in a series) in rapid succession is almost unavoidable because, let’s face it, you can’t just stop at one.

  隨著Netflix時代的到來,“刷劇”已經成為了很多人的日常。連續看N集電視劇或N部系列電影幾乎是不可避免的,因為,面對現實吧,一旦開始就根本停不下來!

  來造個句:Have you binge-watched any shows in English?

  Face-palm 捂臉

  Both a noun and a verb, this gesture involves someone bringing the palm of their hand to their face as a means of expressing dismay, embarrassment or exasperation. It’s also quite a popular emoji.

  它既是名詞又是動詞。這個動作就是把一只手掌捂在臉上,用來表示沮喪、尷尬或惱怒。在手機上我們會找到這個非常流行的emoji哦。

  Humblebrag 謙虛式炫耀(以看似謙虛的態度自夸)

  You may have done this before without even realizing it – most of us have. A humblebrag is a subtle way of letting people know how fantastic your life is while undercutting it with something self-deprecating. For example, “Having to travel to so many amazing destinations for work is pretty exhausting.” They may not be obvious brags, but they're still brags nonetheless

  我們大多數人可能都這么干過但卻不自知。humblebrag是用一些自黑的方式巧妙地讓別人知道自己的生活多美好。例如你說“去那么多超棒的地方工作真是挺累人的”。可能這些牛逼吹的不夠明顯,但你仍然是在炫耀。

  Photobomb 搶鏡,類似于東北話“偷影兒”

  To put it simply, a photobomb is the act of spoiling a photo by unexpectedly appearing in the camera’s field of view. Considering how often people take selfies these days, the likelihood of being photobombed is increasing exponentially.

  簡單地說,photobomb就是通過突然出現在鏡頭前搗亂、毀掉別人照片的行為。考慮到現在人們這么喜歡自拍,被別人搶鏡的可能性也是與日俱增的。

  Pogonophobia 胡須恐懼癥

  Everyone enjoys a good beard, right? Wrong. In fact, some people dislike them so much that it actually manifests as a phobia. Although this word has been around for centuries, it’s only recently that it became an official term in the English dictionary. Admittedly, anything could be hiding under that beard.

  人人都喜歡好看的胡須不是么?不是的!實際上,一些人不喜歡胡須到了恐懼的程度。盡管這個詞已經有很長的歷史了,但在最近才被正式收錄到字典。不得不承認,那坨胡子下面藏著啥誰也說不準,是挺嚇人的。

  Seussian任何會讓人想起蘇斯博士世界的東西

  Probably one of the most influential children’s book authors of all times, Dr. Suess impacted not only the world of fiction, but also forged a new genre of art influenced by both surrealism and the nonsensical nature of child-like doodles. So it’s no wonder we’ve created a word describe things that are inspired by his works!

  蘇斯博士應該是最具影響力的兒童文學家之一了。所以難怪我們會創造一個詞用來形容讓人聯想到他的作品的東西。

  Zythum 古埃及啤酒

  Due in part to the overwhelming explosion of the craft beer culture across the world, the term zythum has gained new significance in 2017. Zythum is an ancient Egyptian precursor to beer that is noted for being unfermented. And it probably isn’t too far off from the beer we know and love today! It would be interesting to know how zythum holds up compared to the popular beers today.

  zythum在2017年有了新的含義,從某種程度來講是由于精釀啤酒文化在全球的盛行。它是啤酒的前身,產自古埃及,以不發酵著稱。可能它跟今天我們喜愛的啤酒沒太大差別。

  What new English words have you come across this year that have surprised you?

  你在今年遇到了哪些讓你驚訝的新詞兒了呢?

  語言點解析:

  grasp = a person's understanding of a subject or of difficult facts例如:

  He has a good grasp of German grammar.

  These complex formulae are beyond the grasp of the average pupil.

  nudge = to move forward by pushing with your elbow例如:

  He nudged his way through the crowd.

  for / in the foreseeable future = for / in the period of time when you can predict what is going to happen, based on the present circumstances例如:

  The statue will remain in the museum for the foreseeable future.

  It's unlikely that the hospital will be closed in the foreseeable future (= soon).

  Let’s face it = to accept that a difficult situation exists, although you would prefer not to例如:

  Let's face it, we're not going to win.

  phobia = a strong unreasonable fear of something 例如:

  He has a phobia about flying.

  One of the symptoms of the disease is water phobia.

  (it’s) no wonder (that) = it is not surprising 例如:

  It is little wonder (that) she was so upset.

  (informal) No wonder you're tired, you've been walking for hours.

  in part = partly; to some extent例如:

  Her success was due in part to luck.

  precursor = (formal) a person or thing that comes before somebody / something similar and that leads to or influences its development = forerunner例如:

  a stringed instrument that was the precursor of the guitar

  events that were precursors to revolution

  hold up = to remain strong and working effectively例如:

  She's holding up well under the pressure.

  come across somebody / something = [no passive] to meet or find somebody / something by chance例如:

  I came across children sleeping under bridges.

  She came across some old photographs in a drawer.

  英文部分來源:https://www.kaplaninternational.com/


  教師簡介:

  朱博,新東方口語講師,畢業于985院校大連理工大學,碩士保送一等獎學金。在校期間曾游學美國,任出版社英語出版中心校對四年,工作嚴謹,活潑開朗,讓大家快樂的學習英語。

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